Like many emerging American cities at the time, Phoenix’s spectacular growth did not occur evenly. It largely took place on the city’s north side, a region that was nearly all Caucasian. In 1962, one local activist testified at a US Commission on Civil Rights hearing that of 31,000 homes that had recently sprung up in this neighborhood, not a single one had been sold to an African-American. Phoenix’s African-American and Mexican-American communities remained largely sequestered on the south side of town. The color lines were so rigid that no one north of Van Buren Street would rent to the African-American baseball star Willie Mays, in town for spring training in the 1960s. In 1964, a reporter from The New Republic wrote of segregation in these terms: “Apartheid is complete. The two cities look at each other across a golf course.” (Needham, Andrew (2014). Power Lines: Phoenix and the Making of the Modern Southwest. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. p. 87, quoted in Wikipedia article “Phoenix Arizona”)
Conservatives will deny this fact and research the historian to find he attended a campus protest in 1972 and so is a Communist. Intelligent people will use the information to guide them in constructing a sane policy that will correct the biases in our system. Oh, and since I see biases in our system, I should go back where I came from. Love it or leave it…. as “they ” say.